Medical News

  • Button batteries can rapidly damage stomach lining before symptoms appear
    Damage to the lining of the stomach can occur quickly when children swallow button batteries; therefore, clinicians should consider prompt endoscopic removal, even when the child is symptom free and the battery has passed safely through the narrow esophagus, according to research presented at Digestive Disease Week (DDW) 2019. The recommendations represent a change from current practice of watching and waiting. Read more »
  • Eating ultra-processed foods will make you gain weight. Here's the scientific proof
    For four weeks, 20 healthy volunteers checked into a research center hospital and were served a variety of tempting meals: cinnamon french toast, stir-fry beef with broccoli and onions, turkey quesadillas and shrimp scampi. Researchers scrutinized everything that was eaten and came away with the first hard evidence to support a long-held suspicion: Heavily processed foods could be a leading factor in America's obesity epidemic. Read more »
  • Integrated stepped alcohol treatment for people in HIV care improves both HIV and alcohol outcomes
    New clinical research supported by the National Institutes of Health shows that increasing the intensity of treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) over time improves alcohol-related outcomes among people with HIV. This stepped approach to AUD treatment also improves HIV-related disease measures in this patient population. A report of the new study, led by researchers at Yale University, is now online in The Lancet HIV. Read more »
  • Clinical trial improves treatment of genetic rickets
    A new study shows a drug developed in conjunction with investigators at Indiana University School of Medicine to alleviate symptoms of a rare musculoskeletal condition is significantly more effective than conventional therapies. The findings are published in Lancet. Read more »
  • Researchers develop electric field-based dressing to help heal wound infections
    Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have found a way to charge up the fight against bacterial infections using electricity. Read more »
  • Missouri, latest US state to restrict abortion
    The Missouri House passed a bill on Friday banning abortions once a fetal heartbeat is detected, making it the latest US state to pass restrictions on ending a pregnancy. Read more »
  • Sleep duration tied to adverse measures of glycemia
    (HealthDay)—Self-reported short and long sleep are both associated with adverse measures of glycemia among adults with prediabetes, according to a study published online May 10 in Diabetes Care. Read more »
  • First anticoagulant approved for preventing VTE recurrence in children
    (HealthDay)—Fragmin (dalteparin sodium) injection has been granted the first approval for subcutaneous use in preventing recurrence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children aged 1 month or older, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced. Read more »
  • Study describes TBI caregiver QOL measurement system
    (HealthDay)—A new tool, the Traumatic Brain Injury Caregiver Quality of Life (TBI-CareQOL), combines five new measures and 10 existing measures and can identify health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among caregivers of individuals with TBI, according to a study published in the April issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Read more »
  • A new approach to targeting cancer cells
    A University of California, Riverside, research team has come up with a new approach to targeting cancer cells that circumvents a challenge faced by currently available cancer drugs. Read more »
  • Thresholds found for unilateral optic nerve lesions in MS
    (HealthDay)—A new anatomic threshold may be useful for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis, according to a study published in the May issue of the Annals of Neurology. Read more »
  • Heroin overdose ED visits decreased from 2017 to 2018
    (HealthDay)—From 2017 to 2018, there was a decrease in heroin overdose emergency department visits, although the declines were not consistent among states, according to a study published online May 16 in the American Journal of Public Health. Read more »
  • Sugary drinks and fruit juice may increase risk of early death
    (HealthDay)—Most folks know that sugary drinks aren't healthy, but a new study finds fruit juices are not much better. Read more »
  • Scientists capture first-ever video of body's safety test for T-cells
    For the first time, immunologists from The University of Texas at Austin have captured on video what happens when T-cells—the contract killers of the immune system, responsible for wiping out bacteria and viruses—undergo a type of assassin-training program before they get unleashed in the body. A new imaging technique that allowed for the videos, described today in the journal Nature Communications, holds promise for the fight against autoimmune disorders such as Type 1 diabetes. Read more »
  • Early dengue virus infection could 'defuse' Zika virus
    "We now know for sure that Zika virus infection during pregnancy can affect the unborn foetus in such a way that the child develops microcephaly and other severe symptoms," explains Prof Felix Drexler, a virologist at Charité who has been developing diagnostic tests for Zika and other viruses at the DZIF. Just a few years ago, pictures of affected newborns were cause for worldwide dismay and perplexity. "However, what we did not understand then was that high incidence of microcephaly seemed to occur particularly in northeastern Brazil," says Drexler. Why are expecting mothers in these regions at a higher risk of developing a severe Zika-associated disease than in other regions? The scientists consequently began to search for cofactors that have an influence on whether a Zika infection during pregnancy will develop fatal consequences or not. Read more »
  • FDA approves venetoclax for chronic, small lymphocytic leukemia
    (HealthDay)—Venetoclax (VENCLEXTA) has been approved to treat adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced yesterday. Read more »
  • Quinn on Nutrition: Carbs—how low can we go?
    "Fruit has carbs? I had no idea," a stunned patient told me recently. Read more »
  • Cancer drug could be repurposed to provide treatment for brain aneurysms
    An important class of drug used to treat cancer patients could be used to treat brain aneurysms, according to new research published this week. Read more »
  • Being sick in the morning can be different from being sick at night
    In a review published May 17 in the journal Trends in Immunology, researchers discuss how time of day affects the severity of afflictions ranging from allergies to heart attacks. Read more »
  • Black women more likely to die of breast cancer, especially in the South
    When Felicia Mahone was 27, she felt her breast and found a mass. Breast cancer had killed nearly all the women in her family—her mother, two aunts and two cousins. Her doctor, though, downplayed the lump, assuring her everything would be all right. Read more »