Medical News

  • Review study finds limited data on medical cannabis use in children
    A systematic review of published studies on the use of medical cannabis in children and adolescents finds a notable lack of studies and a minimal number of the randomized, controlled trials needed to confirm the effectiveness of a treatment. In their paper published in the journal Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators Shane Shucheng Wong, MD, and Timothy Wilens, MD - both of the MGH Department of Psychiatry - report that their review suggests only two pediatric uses of medical cannabis - to relieve chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and to reduce seizures - are supported by existing studies. Read more »
  • New target emerging for treating diabetes-related blood vessel damage
    A key enzyme that helps our proteins fold and function properly may also be a good therapeutic target to improve blood vessel health in diseases like diabetes and atherosclerosis, scientists say. Read more »
  • Key discoveries offer significant hope of reversing antibiotic resistance
    Resistance to antibiotics is becoming increasingly prevalent and threatens to undermine healthcare systems across the globe. Antibiotics including penicillins, cephalosporins and carbapenems are known as β-lactams and are the most commonly prescribed worldwide. Read more »
  • Symptom burden may increase hospital length of stay, readmission risk in advanced cancer
    Hospitalized patients with advanced cancer who report more intense and numerous physical and psychological symptoms appear to be at risk for longer hospital stays and unplanned hospital readmissions. The report from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team, published online in the journal Cancer, is one of the first to focus on symptom prevalence and severity among hospitalized patients with cancer and the first to demonstrate a relationship between uncontrolled symptoms and the use of health care services. Read more »
  • Women who give birth in winter or spring less likely to have postpartum depression
    Women who give birth in winter or spring are less likely than women who deliver in the fall or summer to suffer from postpartum depression (PPD), suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting. Read more »
  • Depression strongly linked to higher long-term risk of early death for both women and men
    Despite increased awareness about mental illness, depression remains strongly linked to a higher risk of early death—and this risk has increased for women in recent years—according to results from the 60-year Stirling County Study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ ). Read more »
  • After skyrocketing, opioid abuse plateaus but remains too high, national analysis shows
    While the breakneck upswing in opioid abuse has leveled off, it remains disturbingly high and does not appear to continue its decline, according to an analysis of national data presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting. Read more »
  • Soda tax supporters try to pivot from Chicago setback
    US public health advocates are hoping to pivot after a major setback in Chicago, where local lawmakers repealed a soda tax after only two months following fierce industry-backed lobbying. Read more »
  • Maternal deaths prompt calls for action in Zambia
    The birthday of twins Karen and Kelly Junior will always be tinged by sadness as it also marks the day their mother died in childbirth—a tragic occurrence of increasing public debate in Zambia. Read more »
  • Steady hand: how to do open-heart surgery in a quake
    When the ground started shaking in Mexico City on September 19, many people ran out into the street. Read more »
  • Exploring how herpes simplex virus changes when passed between family members
    A new study explores how herpes simplex virus might change when passed from one individual to another, information that may prove useful in future development of therapeutics and vaccines. This rare glimpse into a transmission event reveals nearly perfect genetic transmission of the virus from a father to his son and lays the foundation for future studies exploring the genetic diversity of this virus. A paper describing the study appears online October 20, 2017, in the journal Scientific Reports. Read more »
  • Perioperative Surgical Home reduces death, ER visits in elderly hip fracture patients
    Elderly patients who had emergency repair of a fractured hip were much less likely to die or make a return visit to the emergency room (ER) after discharge if they received care under the Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) model of care, suggests research presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting. Read more »
  • Ketamine may help treat migraine pain unresponsive to other therapies
    Ketamine, a medication commonly used for pain relief and increasingly used for depression, may help alleviate migraine pain in patients who have not been helped by other treatments, suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting. Read more »
  • Why aren't more kids with sickle cell disease getting this test?
    Hematologist and researcher Julie Kanter says as few as 30 percent of children across the country with sickle cell disease are getting a simple test that could keep them from having a stroke. She wants to bring that more in line with the MUSC Health rate of around 85 percent. Read more »
  • Hip and knee replacement patients using fewer opioids to manage pain after surgery
    Opioid use in patients recovering from hip and knee replacement decreased by one-third between 2006 and 2014, reflecting success in efforts to promote a multimodal approach to pain management (using a variety of methods to manage pain) rather than using opioids alone, reveals new research being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting. Read more »
  • Economist outlines reforms to improve access to affordable, high quality child care
    For families in the U.S., the costs of high-quality child care are exorbitant, especially for those with children under age five. A new policy proposal, "Public Investments in Child Care," by Dartmouth Associate Professor of Economics Elizabeth Cascio, finds that current federal child care tax policies are not benefiting the families most burdened by child care costs. Therefore, Cascio outlines a new policy that could replace the current federal child care tax policies. The research examines child care for children ages 0-12 years, with a focus on 0-4 years. Read more »
  • Length of incision may affect pain after cesarean delivery
    Both short and long surgical incisions for cesarean births are associated with increased pain after delivery, suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting. Based on the findings, the authors recommend an optimal range for cesarean incision length to be between 12 and 17 centimeters (about 4.5 - 6.5 inches), and advise that neither shorter nor longer incisions be performed when possible. Read more »
  • Acetaminophen may help reduce postoperative shivering
    Administering acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, during surgery may reduce the incidence of postoperative shivering, suggests a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOG 2017 annual meeting. Read more »
  • Diabetes boosts risk of cognitive issues after surgery, especially in seniors, study finds
    Older patients with diabetes may be at an 84 percent higher risk of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) than those who are not diabetic, suggests new research being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting. Read more »
  • Researchers create tool to measure, control protein aggregation
    A common thread ties seemingly unlinked disorders like Alzheimer's disease and type II diabetes together. This thread is known as protein aggregation and happens when proteins clump together. These complexes are a hallmark of many diseases, but have recently been linked to beneficial functions as well. Read more »
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