Medical News

  • Blue Brain solves a century-old neuroscience problem
    A team led by Lida Kanari now reports a new system for distinguishing cell types in the brain, an algorithmic classification method that the researchers say will benefit the entire field of neuroscience. Blue Brain founder Professor Henry Markram says, "For nearly 100 years, scientists have been trying to name cells. They have been describing them in the same way that Darwin described animals and trees. Now, the Blue Brain Project has developed a mathematical algorithm to objectively classify the shapes of the neurons in the brain. This will allow the development of a standardized taxonomy [classification of cells into distinct groups] of all cells in the brain, which will help researchers compare their data in a more reliable manner." Read more »
  • Researchers get humans to think like computers
    Computers, like those that power self-driving cars, can be tricked into mistaking random scribbles for trains, fences and even school busses. People aren't supposed to be able to see how those images trip up computers but in a new study, Johns Hopkins University researchers show most people actually can. Read more »
  • Automated detection of eye surface cancer
    Researchers have developed a new automated non-invasive technique for diagnosing eye surface cancer (ocular surface squamous neoplasia or OSSN). The technique has the potential to reduce the need for biopsies, prevent therapy delays and make treatment far more effective for patients. Read more »
  • New drug combination shows promise for common pediatric brain tumor
    A new combination treatment aimed at resistant and recurrent low-grade gliomas slowed tumor growth and killed tumor cells in laboratory and mouse models. Read more »
  • Unequal pain relief at home for dying patients
    Pain relief and end of life care is not being provided equally to people with advanced progressive diseases who were at home during their last three months of life, according to a study of 43,000 people who died across England. Read more »
  • Stricter US state gun laws linked to safer high schools
    Adopting stricter state gun laws is linked to a safer school experience for students, finds research published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. Read more »
  • Mothers of children with eczema more likely to have exhaustion
    (HealthDay)—Mothers of children with atopic dermatitis (AD) are more likely to report difficulty falling asleep and daytime exhaustion, according to a study published online March 20 in JAMA Dermatology. Read more »
  • Three factors predict psych events with drugs for smoking cessation
    (HealthDay)—Three factors predict clinically significant neuropsychiatric adverse events (NPSAEs) in smokers with or without mental health conditions who use cessation pharmacotherapy, according to a study published online March 7 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Read more »
  • Younger female blood donors vulnerable to iron deficiency
    (HealthDay)—Blood donation is associated with iron deficiency among both adolescent girls and younger adult women in the United States, according to a study recently published in Transfusion. Read more »
  • New heart failure device is approved
    (HealthDay)—The Optimizer Smart System has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for people with chronic, moderate-to-severe heart failure who are not candidates for other heart failure remedies. Read more »
  • Stretches to strengthen your core
    (HealthDay)—Ever had a bad spasm from bending down to pick up your child or tie your shoes? Read more »
  • Strengthening family ties through online gaming
    (HealthDay)—Video games provide unlimited entertainment, and interactive ones can even help you burn off calories. Read more »
  • Culture, paycheck, neighborhood key to your heart's health
    Eating a low-fat diet, getting regular exercise and watching your weight can help lower risk for heart disease and stroke. Read more »
  • Overdose deaths from fentanyl soaring: report
    (HealthDay)—The number of Americans dying from overdoses of the powerful narcotic fentanyl rose 12-fold in recent years, health officials reported Thursday. Read more »
  • Brain region discovered that only processes spoken, not written words
    Patients in a new Northwestern Medicine study were able to comprehend words that were written but not said aloud. They could write the names of things they saw but not verbalize them. Read more »
  • Genetic test for cognitive performance developed by Air Force
    A research psychologist at the Air Force Research Laboratory can predict your mental performance from a cheek swab or blood sample. Read more »
  • First of its kind statistics on pregnant women in US prisons
    In what is believed to be a first-of-its-kind systematic look at pregnancy frequency and outcomes among imprisoned U.S. women, researchers from Johns Hopkins Medicine say almost 1,400 pregnant women were admitted to 22 U.S. state and all federal prisons in a recent year. They also found that most of the prison pregnancies—over 90 percent—ended in live births with no maternal deaths. Read more »
  • Study in mice examines impact of reused cooking oil on breast cancer progression
    A new study in mice suggests that consuming the chemical compounds found in thermally abused cooking oil may trigger genetic changes that promote the progression of late-stage breast cancer. Read more »
  • Breast ultrasound and cancer detection rates increased under new laws
    State breast density notification laws that mandate reporting of mammogram results can prompt further screening and modestly boost cancer detection rates, say researchers at Yale's School of Public Health and School of Medicine. Their study was published in the American Journal of Public Health. Read more »
  • Researchers restore fertility in non-human primate model of childhood cancer survivorship
    One in three childhood cancer survivors is at risk of becoming infertile due to chemotherapy or radiation, and since their sperm or eggs have not matured, assisted reproduction using those sperm or eggs is not an option when they become adults. Now in a major first, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the Magee-Womens Research Institute (MWRI) have reported in a non-human primate model that immature testicular tissue can be cryopreserved, and later used to restore fertility to the same animal. Read more »